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The 50:30:20 Rule of Money Management

Updated: May 26, 2023

Spending money to show people how much money you have is the fastest way to have less money-― Morgan Housel
Vector illustration of wealth management concept; with a calculator and some financial instruments


Table of Content


Personal Anecdote.

Importance of Financial Management for Millennials and Fresh Grads.

Understanding the Difference between Needs and Wants.

The Power of Compounding for Long-term Wealth Growth.

The 50:30:20 Rule of Needs: Wants: Saving.

Money-Saving Skills for Wealth Building.

Recommended Books on Money Investing.



The 50:30:20 Rule of Money Management: An Introduction

Money plays a crucial role in our lives, but its impact goes beyond just financial security. The way we handle money can affect our overall wellbeing and personal fulfillment. Millennials and fresh grads are often faced with the challenge of managing their finances while pursuing their passions and living a fulfilling life. But understanding the difference between needs and wants, leveraging the power of compounding, and following a practical approach to budgeting, saving, and investing can help achieve both financial security and personal fulfillment.

In this article, we will discuss the difference between needs and wants, the concept of compounding, and the 50:30:20 rule of Essential Expenses, Non-Essential Expenses and Saving. We will provide practical tips and advice on how to allocate money accordingly and share personal experiences of how this rule has helped start the wealth generation path. Additionally, we will provide advice on money management, money-saving skills, and recommended books on money investing. By the end of this article, readers will have a better understanding of how to manage their money and achieve financial security while leading fulfilling lives.


Personal Anecdote

When I first started working, I had many plans and always fell short with my wages. However, as I gained more experience in the workforce, I realized that I did not have a clear understanding of the difference between desires and needs. This realization came to me after I struggled to pay off my credit card bills, which were driven by unnecessary desires and not needs.

Creative Art Image of a girl with a C-Card in hand and dreams in mind

As I continued to work and educate myself, I learned about the law of compounding and the power of investments in growing wealth. The 50:30:20 rule of Expenses, Saving, and Investment was particularly enlightening, and I wish I had learned about it earlier. By understanding the difference between needs and wants, I was able to prioritize my spending and allocate more of my income towards saving and investing. This shift in mindset allowed me to generate wealth and achieve my financial goals.

Looking back, I realize that my lack of understanding about desires versus needs was a fundamental flaw in my financial planning. By focusing on my needs and prioritizing saving and investing, I was able to achieve greater financial stability and security. I hope that others can learn from my experience and avoid the mistakes that I made early on in my career.


Importance of Financial Management for Millennials and Fresh Grads

You can have a Masters degree in making money, but you will still wind up broke if you have a PhD in spending it.― Orrin Woodward

As millennials or fresh graduates, one of the most important lessons we need to learn is how to manage our finances effectively. We all have different aspirations and goals in life, but the one thing we all have in common is the need to achieve financial security and personal fulfillment.

Children exchanging money for gifts

Here are some reasons why financial management is particularly important for millennials and fresh grads:

Managing student debt

Many millennials and fresh grads may have student loans that they need to repay. Effective financial management can help them create a plan to repay their loans, while also managing their other financial obligations.

Establishing good financial habits early

Financial management is a habit that needs to be developed early in life. By establishing good financial habits early on, millennials and fresh grads can avoid bad financial decisions that may lead to debt and other financial problems later in life.

Building long-term wealth

By effectively managing their finances, millennials and fresh grads can start building long-term wealth. This can involve setting up an emergency fund, investing in the stock market, or saving for a down payment on a home.

Achieving financial freedom

Financial management can help millennials and fresh grads achieve financial freedom. This means having enough money saved to be able to make choices about their career, lifestyle, and retirement without being restricted by financial concerns.

Coping with economic uncertainty

In today's uncertain economic climate, financial management is more important than ever. By effectively managing their finances, millennials and fresh grads can be better prepared to cope with economic uncertainty, such as job loss or market downturns.

To sum up, financial management is a critical skill for millennials and fresh grads to master. It can help them manage their student debt, establish good financial habits early, build long-term wealth, achieve financial freedom, and cope with economic uncertainty. By mastering financial management, millennials and fresh grads can create a solid foundation for their financial future.


Understanding the Difference between Needs and Wants

Wealth consists not in having great possessions, but in having few wants -Epictetus

Our needs are the basic things we require to live a comfortable life, such as food, shelter, and clothing. On the other hand, our wants are things that we desire, but we can live without, such as a new car, designer clothing, or the latest electronic gadgets.

Image of a family shopping in a departmental store

When we have a clear understanding of the difference between our needs and wants, we can make better financial decisions. It's important to prioritize our needs over our wants and allocate our resources accordingly. This will help us achieve financial security and personal fulfillment by ensuring we have the essentials we need to live comfortably and the means to pursue our passions and interests.

To achieve financial security and personal fulfillment, it's essential to understand the difference between needs and wants. Needs are essential for survival, such as food, shelter, and healthcare, while wants are non-essential items or desires that can improve your quality of life, such as entertainment, buying a new smartphone, or travel. Understanding this difference can help you prioritize your spending and make better financial decisions.


The Power of Compounding for Long-term Wealth Growth

The Compound Effect is the principle of reaping huge rewards from a series of small, smart choices ― Darren Hardy

Compound interest is a powerful financial concept that can significantly impact long-term wealth growth. It refers to the process of earning interest not only on your original investment but also on the accumulated interest that your investment has earned over time.

Image showing the concept of wealth compounding.

The basic principle of compounding is that the longer your money is invested, the more time it has to grow, and the more significant its impact will be. This is because, as your investment grows over time, it earns interest not only on the principal amount but also on the interest earned in previous periods.

For example, let's say you invest ₹10,000 in a fixed deposit (FD) account with an interest rate of 6% per annum. After one year, your investment would have earned ₹600 in interest, bringing your total investment to ₹10,600. If you keep that money in the account and earn another 6% interest in the second year, your investment will be worth ₹11,236 at the end of the second year, with ₹636 in interest earned in the second year.

It's important to note that the actual interest rate and returns on investments may vary depending on the bank or financial institution, the type of account, and the prevailing market conditions. Additionally, taxes and inflation may also impact the real returns on investments. So, it's always advisable to do thorough research and consult with a financial advisor before making any investment decisions.

Over time, this compounding effect can significantly increase the value of your investments, especially if you're reinvesting your earnings. By consistently reinvesting your earnings, you're essentially putting your interest to work, which can result in exponential growth over time.

One of the most significant advantages of compounding is that it can help you reach your long-term financial goals with relatively small contributions. Even if you're starting with a small amount of money, consistent contributions over time can result in significant growth thanks to the power of compounding.

However, it's important to remember that compounding can work against you if you're carrying high-interest debt, such as credit card debt. In this case, interest charges can quickly accumulate, making it difficult to pay off your balances. Therefore, it's important to prioritize paying off high-interest debt before focusing on investments that earn lower returns.


The 50:30:20 Rule of Needs: Wants: Saving

The 50:30:20 rule is a popular budgeting strategy that suggests allocating your income into three categories: 50% for needs, 30% for wants, and 20% for savings and debt repayment. This rule is a helpful guideline for managing your finances, especially for those who are just starting to take control of their money.

Image showing the concept of saving. The man in the picture is saving wealth in a piggy bank.

In the Indian context, the 50:30:20 rule can be applied as follows:

  • Needs (50% of income): This category includes all essential expenses that are necessary to maintain your basic standard of living. These expenses typically include rent or mortgage payments, utilities, groceries, transportation, insurance, and other necessary expenses. It is important to prioritize your needs before your wants or savings.

  • Wants (30% of income): This category includes discretionary expenses that are not essential but bring you joy and happiness. These expenses may include dining out, entertainment, shopping, hobbies, and vacations. It is important to set limits on your wants to ensure that they do not take away from your needs or savings.

  • Savings and Investment (20% of income): This category includes saving for your future and investing for future. It is essential to prioritize this category to achieve your long-term financial goals, such as building an emergency fund, saving for retirement, or paying off high-interest debt.

Overall, the 50:30:20 rule can be a helpful guideline for managing your finances, but it is important to adjust it to your personal situation and financial goals. For example, if you have a high level of debt, you may need to allocate more of your income towards debt repayment instead of savings or wants. Similarly, if you are saving for a specific goal, such as a down payment on a house, you may need to allocate more towards savings and reduce your wants category accordingly.


Money-Saving Skills for Wealth Building

Do not save what is left after spending, but spend what is left after saving. – Warren Buffett

To start building wealth, you need to have good money-saving skills. To start building wealth, you need to have good money-saving skills. Saving money is an essential skill for building long-term wealth. Many people struggle with saving money, often because they don't know where to start or because they don't have the right mindset.

Vector illustration of different ways to budgeting.

Here are some tips on how to save money and manage your finances effectively:

  • Create a Budget: A budget is vital for managing money. It tracks expenses, identifies areas to cut back, and allocates money towards financial goals.

  • Save First, Spend Later: Prioritize saving by allocating a percentage of your income before spending on non-essentials. Aim to save a minimum of 20% of your income monthly.

  • Set Financial Goals: Define your financial objectives and set realistic goals for savings and investments to help you stay on track.

  • Start Investing Early: Take advantage of the power of compounding by starting to invest early in life. The earlier you start, the more time your money has to grow.

  • Avoid Debt: Try to avoid high-interest debt and pay off any debts as soon as possible to avoid interest charges.

  • Save Early: Start saving early in life to take advantage of the power of compounding and build wealth over time.

  • Ensure Protection Against Emergencies: Build an emergency fund to protect yourself against unexpected expenses or income loss.


Recommended Books on Money Investing

If you want to learn more about money management and investing, there are many great books out there that can help. Here are a few recommended books on money investing:

  • "The Psychology of Money" by Morgan Housel: This book explores the relationship between money and happiness and provides insights into how to make better financial decisions.

  • "One Up on Wall Street" by Peter Lynch: This book provides practical advice on how to invest in the stock market and how to identify winning companies.

  • "The Intelligent Investor" by Benjamin Graham: This classic book is a must-read for anyone interested in value investing and provides a wealth of knowledge on the subject.

  • "Rich Dad Poor Dad" by Robert Kiyosaki: This book is an excellent introduction to personal finance and provides practical tips on how to build wealth over time.



In conclusion, understanding the difference between needs and wants and adopting good money-saving skills is crucial to achieving financial security and personal fulfillment. By following the 50:30:20 rule of Needs, Wants and Saving, you can allocate your money effectively and start building wealth over time. Remember to create a budget, save first, spend later, set financial goals, start investing early, avoid debt, save early, and ensure protection against emergencies. With the right mindset and skills, you can achieve your financial goals and enjoy a prosperous life.

Join the conversation and learn more about financial management topics by commenting below. Don't forget to follow and subscribe to our platform for more informative and engaging articles on various topics. Stay up-to-date with the latest insights and tips on how to improve your financial health and achieve your goals. Let's work together to build a brighter financial future!

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2 kommenttia

Arvostelun tähtimäärä: 0/5
Ei vielä arvioita

Lisää arvio
26. toukok. 2023
Arvostelun tähtimäärä: 5/5

Great one!! Very useful topic. Everyone should follow these principles.


23. toukok. 2023
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